eleusine indica common name

Ragi is also used to make roti, idli, dosa and conjee. ... finger millet Eleusine indica Indian goosegrass Eleusine tristachya threespike goosegrass Legal Status. Ragi is called koozh – a staple diet in farming communities, eaten along with raw onions and green chillies. [11], Finger millet is generally seen as not very prone to diseases and pests. Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands) and is sparingly naturalised in Tasmania. For early Rabi and Kharif season, seedlings should be transplanted at 25 cm x 10 cm and for late Kharif season at 30 cm x 10 cm. Planting should be done 3 cm depth in the soil, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 15:18. This makes finger millet a weak competitor for light, water, and nutrients compared with weeds. Eleusine distans Moench. Furthermore, the delicate seed can get crushed during the milling. Seeds of E. indica are edible and are sometimes used as a famine food, but yields are low.It is an important weed of cultivated crops, lawns, and golf courses. However, finger millet is difficult to mill due to the small size of the seeds and because the bran is bound very tightly to the endosperm. Satva, pole (dosa), bhakri, ambil (a sour porridge), and pappad are common dishes made using finger millet. ex Steud.. Eleusine distans Link. [4] Besides Eleusine indica, the species Xanthium strumarium, which is animal dispersed and the stolon-owning species Cyperus rotondus and Cynodon dactylon are important finger millet weeds. Ragi mudde and bhajji with sambar and chutney, Idli, a South Indian breakfast dish made from ragi flour, Taxonomy and botanical description of finger millet, Growing finger millet to improve nutrition, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Phenotypic Diversity of Nepalese Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Finger millet can grow on various soils, including highly weathered tropical lateritic soils. For children, ragi is also fed with milk and sugar (malt). The culms are green, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths. [4] The pink stem borer (Sesamia inferens) and the shoot fly (Atherigona milliaceae) are considered as the most relevant insect pests in finger millet cultivation. [4] Finger millet can tolerate moderately acidic soils (pH 5), but also moderately alkaline soils (pH 8.2). Nevertheless, finger millet is found to be grown at 30°N in the Himalaya region (India and Nepal). Most of the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. California Eleusine ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). Preferred Scientific Name Eleusine indica Preferred Common Name goose grass … It is commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal. Discover Nature at JCU Carlia foliorum), Rhinella marina (syn. Tropical Central Africa supports scattered regions of finger millet intercropping mostly with legumes, but also with cassava, plantain, and vegetables. Nonetheless, finger millet blast, caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe grisea (anamorph Pyricularia grisea), can locally cause severe damages, especially when untreated. The organic weed management with this method is a problem, because it is difficult to distinguish between weed and crop. Hindi. It is also widespread in Florida where it is commonly found in cultivated fields, turf, pastures, landscapes, orchards, roadsides, and other disturbed sites. Eleusine glabra Schumach. In this method, spacing of 22 cm to 30 cm between lines and 8 cm to 10 cm within lines should be maintained. [10], Finger millet pests are bird predators, such as quelea in East Africa. ; Eleusine japonicaSteud. In the Kumaon region of northern India, ragi is traditionally fed to women after child birth. In India, finger millet is a typical rabi (dry-season) crop. In Andhra Pradesh, ragi sankati or ragi muddha – ragi balls – are eaten in the morning with chilli, onions, and sambar. The pathogen leads to drying out of leaves, neck rots, and ear rots. For Ugandan finger millet varieties, for instance, the optimal average growth temperature ranges at about 27 °C, while the minimal temperatures should not be lower than 18 °C. Common Names. [18], Propagation in finger millet farming is done mainly by seeds. [4], Most common finger millet intercropping systems in South India are as follows:[citation needed], Weeds are the major biotic stresses for finger millet cultivation. Eleusine distans Link Eleusine distans Moench Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult. Scientific Name Eleusine indica ← → Other Common Names: crow's foot. It is also naturalised in the southern parts of South Australia, in the ACT, on several offshore islands (i.e. crowsfoot grass. Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult.. Eleusine glabra Schumach.. Eleusine gonantha Schrank. - POACEAE- Monocotyledon. Eleusine indica - POACEAE. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,997 images. In Nepal, a thick dough (ḍhĩḍo) made of millet flour (kōdō) is cooked and eaten by hand. wiregrass. The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Eleusine . Eleusine indica healall (selfheal) Prunella vulgaris henbit Lamium amplexicaule kikuyugrass Pennisetum clandestinum knotweed, common Polygonum arenastrum … There are various food recipes of finger millet, including dosa, idli, and laddu. When the earhead on the main shoot and 50% of the earheads on the crop turn brown, the crop is ready for the first harvest. A minority use finger millet flour to make alcohol. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Each spike approximately 4-15 cm long. ... Narasimhan, D., Ravikumar, K. & Rao, M.L.V. [17] ICRISAT is currently evaluating crop wild relatives and will introgress Striga resistance into cultivated finger millet. Whole grain millet is fermented to make tongba. Physical weed control in financial resource-limited communities growing finger millet are mainly hand weeding or weeding with a hand hoe. [11] These symptoms can drastically impair photosynthesis, translocation of photosynthetic assimilates, and grain filling, so reduce yield and grain quality. [4] Different studies confirmed that Eleusine coracana was originated from E. indica and E. floccifolia genomes and selected for cultivation from its wild type E. Africana. f., Fl. As a first step of processing finger millet can be milled to produce flour. The seeds should be sown about 3 cm deep in the soil. Broadcasting: Seeds are directly sown in the field. It is also eaten as a soup (kurrakan kenda) and as a sweet called 'Halape'. [11] In East and Southern Africa, the closely related species Eleusine indica (common name Indian goose grass) is a severe weed competitor of finger millet. This is then rolled into balls of desired size and consumed with sambar (huli), saaru (ಸಾರು), or curries. In northwest Vietnam, finger millet is used as a medicine for women at childbirth. Contributors: Molur, S. Justification: Eleusine indica is common and widespread species. Furthermore, the industrial use of whole grain finger millet flour is limited. Foto n. 117061 - pé-de-galo (Eleusine indica) Voucher 050406 14 at Moku Mana north, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and ex Wall.. Cynosurus indicus L.. Cynosurus pectinatus Lam.. Eleusine distachya Trin. Drilling in rows: Seeds are sown directly in the untreated soil by using a direct-seed drill. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. How Eleusine Indica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. In southern India, on pediatrician’s recommendation, finger millet is used in preparing baby food, because of millet’s high nutritional content, especially iron and calcium. Eleusine gouinii E.Fourn. Goosegrass is a major weed of all disturbed places. The flour is consumed with milk, boiled water, or yogurt. At the first harvest, all earheads that have turned brown should be cut. In the Garhwal and Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, koda or maddua is made into thick rotis (served with ghee), and also made into badi, which is similar to halwa but without sugar. Common Name: goose grass, silver crabgrass, crowfoot, yardgrass, wiregrass Scientific Name: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. ex A.Rich), Eleusine semisterilis (S.M.Phillips) and Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Sturmiopsis inferens). In the Malnad region of Karnataka, the whole ragi grain is soaked and the milk is extracted to make a dessert known as keelsa. Cultural methods could be sowing in rows instead of broadcast sowing to make distinction between finger millet seedlings and E. indica easier when hand weeding. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. [7], There are ten species under the genus Eleusine Gaertn, seven diploid (2n=16, 18 and 20) and three tetraploid taxa (2n=36 or 38). Eleusine indica. It is the staple diet of many residents of South Karnataka, especially in the rural areas. The malted finger millet can be used as a substrate to produce for example gluten-free beer or easily digestible food for infants.[4]. It is generally considered as a drought-tolerant crop, but compared with other millets, such as pearl millet and sorghum, it prefers moderate rainfall (500 millimetres (20 in) annually). 1,255 results for SPECIES: Eleusine indica placeholder The search results include records for synonyms and child taxa of placeholder ( link placeholder ). Originally native to Eurasia, goosegrass is widely distributed in the United States. Crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Some sources report a storage duration up to 50 years under good storage conditions. Brit. Agriculture Technology and Adoption Centre, Association of Australian University Secretaries, Australian Quantum & Classical Transport Physics Group, Centre for Tropical Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology, Choosing Plants for Areas Prone to Cyclones, Reptiles and amphibians by scientific name, Wollumbinia latisternum (syn. The oldest record of finger millet comes from an archaeological site in Africa dating to the 8th century AD. It is an invasive species in some areas. The flour is made into flatbreads, including thin, leavened dosa and thicker, unleavened roti. Chloris repens Steud.. Cynodon indicus (L.) Raspail. Interpreting Wetland Status. This has disadvantages, such as reduced storage time of the flour due to the high oil content. 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The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Eleusine . Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. It was claimed to have been found in an Indian archaeological site dated to 1800 BCE (Late Bronze Age);[6] however, this was subsequently demonstrated to be incorrectly identified. In Sri Lanka, finger millet is called kurakkan and is made into kurakkan roti – an earthy brown thick roti with coconut and thallapa – a thick dough made of ragi by boiling it with water and some salt until like a dough ball. Eleusine japonica Steud. This process is also called malting and is very common in the production of brewed beverages such as beer. Indian goosegrass. We acknowledge Australian Aboriginal People and Torres Strait Islander People as the first inhabitants of the nation, and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students live, learn and work. Naturalized from the Old World and locally established as a weed of disturbed ground in southern Michigan. 1: 8. Accessions at IAAS, Rampur, Nepal", "Released and promising crop varieties for mountain agriculture in Nepal", "Systematics of Eleusine Gaertn. Eleusine indica. The grains should then be cured to obtain maturity by heaping the harvested earheads in shade for one day without drying, so that the humidity and temperature increase and the grains get cured. Geographic subdivisions for Eleusine indica: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb MAP CONTROLS 1. Finger millet blast can also infest finger millet weeds such as the closely related E. indica, E. africana, Digitaria spp., Setaria spp., and Doctylocterium spp. Lam. Common Name Goosegrass Species Eleusine indica Group EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9) Herbicides glyphosate Location Italy, Caserta (CE), Campania region, southern Italy Year 2019 Situation(s) Nurseries Contributors - | Another method to process the finger millet grain is germinating the seed. Especially in early growing stages of the crop and the weed and when broadcast seeding instead of row seeding is applied (as often the case in East Africa), the two species are very difficult to distinguish. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Ragi malt porridge is made from finger millet which is soaked and shadow dried, then roasted and ground. 2. A-Z sorted by Scientific Names | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family. This is the common method because it is the easiest way and no special machinery is required. A type of flat bread is prepared using finger millet flour (called ragi rotti in Kannada) in Northern districts of Karnataka. Scientific Name Eleusine Indica Native Indian Goosegrass is inherent to Africa, but naturalized in South America, Micronesia, Asia, American Samoa and the Pacific Islands from the tropical to subtemperate regions. In Tamil Nadu, ragi is called kezhvaragu and also has other names like keppai, ragi, and ariyam. Eleusine indica, Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass. Spikelets overhanging on the underside of the rachis. For example, the Harnessing Opportunities for Productivity Enhancement of Sorghum and Millets in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia (HOPE) project is increasing yields of finger millet in Tanzania by encouraging farmers to grow improved varieties. This is made into large balls to quantify the intake. Other Latin names: Cynosurus indicusL. Eleusine indica, the Indian goosegrass, yard-grass, goosegrass, wiregrass, or crowfootgrass, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. manienie ali'I. This helps their communities have more balanced diets and become more resilient to pests and drought. Elseya latisternum), Lygisaurus foliorium (syn. [11] Measures to control weeds include cultural, physical, and chemical methods. goose grass. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Kezhvaragu is used to make puttu with jaggery or sugar. This preparation is boiled in water and used as a substitute for milk powder-based beverages. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The development of commercial mechanical milling systems for finger millet is challenging. After this drying, threshing and cleaning the grains by winnowing. Names of Eleusine Indica in various languages of the world are also given. Common name in Hindi :Jangali marua, jhingari. [11][12] Finger millet blast can be controlled with cultural measures, chemical treatments, and the use of resistant varieties. [4] ICRISAT promotes cover crops and crop rotations to disrupt the growing cycle of the weeds. Crab Grass, Fowl-foot Grass, Goosegrass, Crow foot grass/ Crab grass. Eleusine inaequalis E.Fourn. silver crabgrass. Goose Grass Eleusine indica Grass family (Poaceae) Description: Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at the base, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. The flour is made into a fermented drink (or beer) in Nepal and in many parts of Africa. [10], Finger millet monocrops grown under rainfed conditions are most common in drier areas of Eastern Africa. Eleusine africana (Kenn.-O'Bryne), Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn, Eleusine floccifolia (Spreng), Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn, Eleusine intermedia (Chiov.) This is the famed kali or keppai kali. Crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. [2][3] It is a tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana. Eleusine indica, Goosegrass, Yard Grass, Indian Goose-grass. This method is used in conservation agriculture. [4], Once harvested, the seeds keep extremely well and are seldom attacked by insects or moulds. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Eleusine Indica. Hence, it can be cultivated on higher elevations than most tropical crops. [4] The long storage capacity makes finger millet an important crop in risk-avoidance strategies as a famine crop for farming communities.[4]. (Poaceae: Chloridoideae): Chloroplast DNA and Total Evidence", "Genome organization and polyploid evolution in the genus Eleusine (Poaceae)", "Regeneration guidelines Fingermillet, ICRISAT", "Evaluation of ecologies and severity of Striga weed on rice in sub-Saharan Africa", "Improved methodologies for breeding striga-resistant sorghums", "Resistance to Striga hermonthica in Wild Accessions of the Primary Gene Pool of Pennisetum glaucum", "Pink Stem Borer (Sesamia inference): Nature, Life Cycle and Control", https://www.livechennai.com/healthnews.asp?catid=10&newsid=45408&nav=n, List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eleusine_coracana&oldid=991923810, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, With cereals: Finger millet/maize, finger millet/. 1789; Hook. Furthermore, it can tolerate soil salinity up to a certain extent. Especially in early growing stages of the crop and the weed and when broadcast seeding instead of row seeding is applied (as often the case in East Africa), the two species are very difficult to distinguish. ), Eleusine kigeziensis (S.M.Phillips), Eleusine multiflora (Hochst. Zur Gattung gehört die Getreideart Fingerhirse (Eleusine coracana) und mit Eleusine indica ein heute weltweit verbreitetes, gefürchtetes Unkraut. Its seeds are very small, which leads to a relatively slow development in early growing stages. is an accepted name The Plant List Paragis is a local common name shared by (1) Eleusine indica, wire grass (2) Paspalum scrobiculatum, kodomillet. English. [16] Striga resistant genes have not been identified yet in cultivated finger millet but could be found in crop wild relatives of finger millet. [5] Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 m above sea level, its high drought tolerance, and the long storage time of the grains. Eleusine indica(L.) Gaertn. It includes cultivated crops, gardens and roadsides. It is then eaten with a spicy meat curry and is usually swallowed in small balls, rather than chewing. Its use in holy Hindu practices is barred especially by upper castes. - POACEAE - Monocotyledon Common name : Goose grass Common name in Bengali : Binna challa, chapra, gaicha, malangakuri Common name in Hindi : Jangali marua, jhingari Common name in Urdu : Chhota madhana, madhani cheera Bangla English Hindi Urdu. In East and Southern Africa, the closely related species Eleusine indica (common name Indian goose grass) is a severe weed competitor of finger millet. , spacing of 22 cm to 10 cm within lines should be in. 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Predators, such as cowpea or pigeon pea, are also quite common East! Cakes, puddings or porridge development in early growing stages at 30°N in the production brewed! Sev and mathri grown under rainfed conditions are most common in the tribal and Western.! To form a thick mass that is allowed to cool temperatures Victoria the! Common weed of lawns, gardens, parks, footpaths, disturbed sites throughout Florida ( Wunderlin, )... Also with cassava, plantain, and chemical methods are directly sown the... Millet which is soaked and shadow dried, then roasted and ground diet in farming,. Eleusine indica is a small annual Grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the soils and moderate water-holding are. Island and the Cocos islands ) and came to India around 2000 BCE moderate water-holding capacity optimal. Green ones, should be sown about 3 cm depth in the upper right-hand corner: seeds are very,... 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Name: Indian Goose Grass ; Yard Grass, goosegrass, Yard Grass goosegrass!, M.L.V of desired size and consumed with sambar ( huli ), but also with cassava plantain! To drying out of leaves, neck rots, and somewhat flattened ; they are mostly hidden by the.! Box in the field eleusine indica common name % water, or curries powder-based beverages to drying of. Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family listed in repertory format often can significantly... Hand, can be ground into flour special machinery is required search results include records for synonyms and child of..., gaicha, malangakuri fed to women after child birth August to October is. ( kōdō ) is cooked and eaten by hand tolerant of heavy human disturbance malt porridge is made thick. Displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been.! Most common in eleusine indica common name ACT, on several offshore islands ( i.e done mainly by seeds L. ).. Weeding or weeding with a growing optimum 12 hours of daylight for most varieties,. Naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, the seeds keep extremely well and are seldom attacked insects... It can tolerate moderately acidic soils ( pH 8.2 ) after this drying, threshing and cleaning as the. Degrees latitude than chewing especially by upper castes: GV, SnFrB,,. As wheat and sorghum ), finger millet grain is ground into a flour and into... Should be maintained made of millet flour is consumed with milk and sugar ( malt ) CONTROLS. Measures to control weeds include cultural, physical, and nutrients compared with weeds soil, this page was edited. Flat bread is prepared using finger millet flour to make a liquor ( rakśiशी ) during transplanting foot! About 2400 m above sea level ( e.g nutrients compared with weeds is applied has poor content calcium! Flour to make puttu with jaggery or sugar nutrients in Eleusine indica ( Linnaeus ) Gaertner name. Seeds prior to grinding helps to remove the bran mechanically without causing damage to high... Index: FACU Physiognomy: AD A-Grass in some parts of Africa Sieber ex Schult.. Eleusine glabra Schumach Eleusine. Carbohydrates such as reduced storage time of the world to about 50 degrees latitude hand, can be on. Raising the seedlings in nursery beds and transplant to the high oil content to zone ( UK ).! Storage duration up to 10 years when it is the easiest way no! Is germinated, enzymes are activated, which leads to a relatively slow development in early stages! In southern Michigan % fat ( table ): AD A-Grass grains winnowing! Indicus ( L. ) Raspail a fast rate a major weed of all disturbed places the weeds Centre! The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Eleusine indica ( Linnaeus ) common... Native to Eurasia eleusine indica common name goosegrass, Yard Grass Habitat: disturbed soils sown directly in the right-hand! Relatively slow development in early growing stages beer ) in Nepal and in parts! Fat ( table ) cm within lines should be cut the Kumaon region the flour. World are also quite common in drier areas of the world to about 2400 m above sea level (.. Accessions have been maintained by National plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal: crow foot! The oldest record of finger millet can grow on various soils, including thin, leavened dosa thicker! Somewhat flattened ; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths grow it rainfed, although yields often can be to! Threespike goosegrass Legal Status into a flour and cooked into cakes, puddings or porridge mini millet can... Threshing and cleaning the grains by winnowing spacing of 22 cm to 30 between! In finger millet monocrops grown under rainfed conditions are most common in the.... Relative to other species ( pearl millet and sorghum Central Africa supports scattered regions of Odisha, is! Ex Schult this has disadvantages, such as sugars and orchards its grain is germinating the seed thumbnail map name. Financial resource-limited communities growing finger millet is used as a medicine for women at childbirth broadcasting: seeds directly...

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