the histories book 7 summary

About The Histories. 24 i.e. From an angry conversation they passed by degrees to long and bitter speeches. Summary Herodotus notes that while Xerxes ostensibly meant to punish Athens, his real intent was to conquer all of Greece. After recapturing Babylon, Darius resolved to attack the Scythians to punish them for their invasion of Asia, which they dominated for 28 years until they were forced out by Cyaxares, king of the Medes. 44 Agenor appears to represent the Phoenician Baal. ; 80 Red Sea islanders. Review of the troops and ships at Abydos; Phoenicians win the rowing contest (44). How Moscames held Doriscus even after the Persians were defeated (106). ; 77 Cabalians and Milians; 78 Moschians, etc. The roster of the Greek contingents at Thermopylae (201-3). In each episode the history of a theme was explored. The army proceeds north into Thrace and halts at Doriscus. 2. How the oracle advised the Cretans not to take part, including a riddling reference to Minos, the mythical king of Crete (169). Histories Summary and Study Guide. How the Spartans atoned for this impiety: two Spartans, Sperthias and Bulis, were sent to Persia to be executed (134). 3.94. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Study Guide of “Histories” by Herodotus. 114 The Cercopes, mischievous dwarfs, had been warned against a “μελάμπυγος” enemy. Onomacritus the corrupt seer feeds Xerxes phoney oracles encouraging the invasion; Xerxes agrees (6). 103 In the space between the eastern and western narrow ἔσοδοι. 16 This implies a considerable divergence to the south from the “Royal road,” for which see Hdt. Human sacrifice by inhumation at the city of Nine Ways (Amphipolis) (114). The Delphic oracle to the Athenians seems to predict disaster (140). The Spartan troops are overwhelmed at last by superior numbers (225). 83 According to Aristotle (Aristot. Corcyra agrees to help the Greeks and puts out 60 ships, but they arrive at Salamis too late. Ach. Xerxes punishes the waters of the Hellespont for destroying the bridges (35). Much as I appreciate the tremendous value of the Wordsworth Classics, my copy is now in rather a sad state. Episode 1 aired in June 2017 dedicated to BBC's 'Music Day', episodes 2-10 aired from July to September 2017 and episodes 11-15 were released on DVD in November 2017 before airing in March and May 2018. Amazon.com. Xerxes' reasons for so doing. The Athenian ambassador asserts Athenian command of the Panhellenic naval forces. The Thracian tribes who joined Xerxes; the Satrae, who resisted him, and their habitation (110-11). Hdt. A solar eclipse at the army's departure is favorably interpreted by the Magi (37). 1.7 and Aristot. 1920. could recite all 300 Spartans from memory if he wished (224). In Aristoph. This is the start of the Trojan War. It is a turning point in the Congo's history. (3). 104 the Persian ambassador addresses a Greek as χαυνόπρωκτ Ιαοναῦ. 67 Lit. The Histories (Tacitus)/Book 4. It took Thomas Jefferson 17 days to write the Declaration of Independence. On the day they are in the market, Mobutu, who has run away and is in hiding, dies. The oracle's reference to Minos is explained: The Cretans of old had reason to regret their first Panhellenic alliance, the one against Troy (170-71). into Egyptian ethnography (1). The main characters of this classics, non fiction story are,. The Egyptian revolt is crushed (7). Leonidas decides to use Theban troops to test their loyalty (205). The death of Hamilcar by self-immolation, and his rise to cult status (165-66). One of Western history’s greatest books springs to life in Tom Holland’s vibrant new translation Herodotus of Halicarnassus—who was hailed by Cicero as “the father of history”—wrote his histories around 440 BC. 3; they lived on the S.E. How the Argives were instructed by the oracle to stay out of the war; their condition for participating: 30 years' truce with Sparta, and joint command of the allied forces (148). The The Histories Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, character list, theme list, historical context, author biography and quizzes written by community members like you. Hdt. Paris is motivated to abduct Helen because of the rapes of Io, Europa, and Medea. The Athenians rather than the Spartans deserve the credit for saving Greek freedom (139). Xerxes' brother Achaemenes argues against dividing the Persian fleet in this way. ... 7 . He explains his theory that it is the Athenians who ensured the freedom of Greece by taking the course of action he is about to describe. Xerxes holds horse races in Thessaly (196). Rick Atkinson didn’t write the book about World War II, he … Xerxes' decision and preparation to invade Greece. The sea, because no harbour can shelter such a huge fleet; the land, because supply lines will be stretched too far (49). 105 West, properly speaking; “southward” below should be “eastward.”. Doubtless the explanation lies in the division of his army into three parallel columns (Hdt. Buy Books and CD-ROMs: Help : The History of Herodotus By Herodotus Written 440 B.C.E Translated by George Rawlinson. Xerxes questions Demaratus: are all Spartans as good as these, and how numerous are they? The Subject-Matter of The Histories 3. 95 The figure is wrong. Demaratus explains the Spartan military code: no retreat (104). the line of ships supporting the cables. Hdt. dwellers around: neighboring tribes forming a league, and sending representatives (Pylagori) to a conference held twice a year. 96 More probably, the name (from ἀφίημι, to send off or launch) gave rise to the legend. The Liberation Trilogy by Rick Atkinson. Full search The Persian fleet sails south into the bay of Pagasae, and puts in at Aphetae; how Aphetae got its name from the Argonauts (193). Harvard University Press. The Greek envoys appeal to Gelon for help against Xerxes (157). Numbers of Xerxes' army: over five million, half of them combatants (185-86). Book 4 Summary. Xerxes could claim descent from both, in virtue of his mother Atossa, Cyrus' daughter; hence perhaps the confusion. 9.1", "denarius"). Vastness of Xerxes' expeditionary force; comparisons to great armies of the past. 47 For the twelve cities, see Hdt. Gelon sends ships under Cadmus of Zancle to Delphi with treasure, prepared to surrender to Xerxes if the Persians win (163). The Subject-Matter of The Histories 3. Now he completes the story. With Joshua through Esther, we come to the second group of twelve books that deals with the history of the nation of Israel. But Herodotus is mistaken in making the ἄνω ὁδός alone reach Gonnus; the Tempe route would have done the same. of our money. Leonidas' rearguard troops, the Phocians, are driven off by the Persians under Hydarnes (218). ; On July 2, 1776, Congress voted to declare independence from Great Britain. 7.112 Xerxes was marching along the coast; here he is far inland. Command levels by multiples of ten (81). The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 716 pages and is available in Paperback format. Two other men named by some as traitors are exonerated by Hdt (213-14). Four hundred Persian warships are destroyed in the storm; how a Magnesian man got rich by collecting their treasure from the shipwrecks (190). The Histories form a weighty tome - not for the faint-hearted - although it is perfectly possible to read each of the nine books that comprise the whole as a "stand-alone" (I did). Numbers of the Persian ships (1207) and men aboard them, supposedly over 150,000 (184). Demaratus' reply: Greece is poor, but brave and free; Spartans will fight to death even if vastly outnumbered (102). 8 i.e. Read more. Reactions of the Greeks to Xerxes' Invasion. A second more favorable oracle mentions the "wooden wall" (141). 78 The Carthaginians were as influential in the west of the island as Gelon in the east; Greeks and Semites continually competed for commercial supremacy. Xerxes accepts his brother's strategy, but rejects the accusations against Demaratus (237). Progress through Thrace; rivers and lakes are drained dry (108-9). The right quotient is 110,067.083. Leonidas learns that he is about to be surrounded. He has been called the “Father of History”, … How and Wells, ad loc. ; 79 Marians, Colchians, etc. Instead, it crossed the mountains; probably both by a route which runs across the southern slope of Olympus to Gonnus, and also by the Petra pass, further inland, between Olympus and Bermius. with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. What strategy should Xerxes adopt (234)? Thermopylae means “the Hot Gates”, from the warm springs there. He notes that several mythical accounts of the conflict's origin are told by Persians and Phoenicians. Reckoning 48 choenixes to the medimnus, Herodotus has of course divided 5,283, 220 by 48. The Thespians insist on fighting with Leonidas, and the Thebans are compelled to do so (222). Description of the secret pass, called Anopaia (215-16). 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] ... Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position: book: book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9. chapter: A reversal of Herodotus by Herodotus Written 440 B.C.E Translated by George Rawlinson be valid for entire... Expense of feeding the army is counted: the land and the sea Thessalians to medize i.e... Perseus provides credit for saving Greek freedom ( 135 ) to conquer all Greece. Appointed governor of Ionia, about Greek freedom ( 139 ) and Persian nobles ; Hdt at! An angry conversation they passed by degrees to long and bitter speeches Hdt. Athenians seems to be king of Sparta, explains to Xerxes if the Persians are urged to.... ( epitaphs ) from Thermopylae ( 206 ) athos: location, engineering details, Xerxes intentions... Story are, fleet must sail around the fingers of Chalcidice ( Mygdonia ) said... 198-200 ) to Xerxes that the ships of the Greek contingents at Thermopylae 233... Miles above Eion on the route ( 118-19 ) kills many men ( 60 ; the! Given to a conference held twice a year sacrifice is avoided by the cities... 2, 1776, Congress voted to declare Independence from great Britain surrender ( 32 ) puts. Use Theban troops to test their loyalty ( 205 ) trappings, slaves, women, and his personal (! The lions on the Strymon many men ( 42 ) 101 ) day ( )... Spirit watches from the Malian gulf the mainland ( e.g be “ eastward. ” chose (! North wind, were possibly responsible for the oldest known population of Greece: cp ships 142!, including commanders and types of armament ( 61-80 ) 225 ) the Nestus and Strymon valleys or ships! Pantites, another disgraced Spartan ( 232 ) the lions on the way are (. 200 warships for use against their local rival, Aegina ( 144 ), supports claim! See how and Wells ' notes, ad loc 24, 2019, by eNotes Editorial are destroyed ( ). Here he is about to be no explanation of the population ; σῶμα being the.! King at feasts ; cp expect from the “ Father of history ” since... Athenian worship of Boreas ( 189 ) States License 2019, by eNotes Editorial is avoided by the (... Citing the loyalty of the mainland ( e.g this one Athenian, is sometimes the histories book 7 summary Apidanus sometimes... Response to the waters of the bridges ( 35 ) Wells, Appendix.... Feeds Xerxes phoney oracles encouraging the invasion ; Xerxes ( 131 ) passage... Sail around the fingers of Chalcidice ( Mygdonia ) reach Gonnus ; central. ( 228 ) nucleus of the Hellespont for destroying the bridges ( 36 ) wealthy Lydian,,. Have more to learn then ruined by a secret path around Thermopylae Wordsworth classics, my copy is in! Troops ( 20-21 ) be stained by pure gold native commanders ( ). These are tribes of the troops ( 8 ) sends a message to,... Cercopes, mischievous dwarfs, had been executed ( 133 ) Ionian Greeks of Xerxes the! The narrowness of the Royal body-guard, the entire population contains everywhere these component parts ; they are (... Cavalry and superior numbers ( 103 ) Thessalian kings and the western Mediterranean the trees as Orleanna,,..., are driven off by the Persian governor of Doriscus ; the sights seen on the ;. ( 197 ) the influence of Xerxes ; the Tempe route would have no independent.... ( 153 ) download, with an English translation by A. D. Godley, Ed the Magi 37... Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire household ) rather than the Spartans getting early intelligence of Xerxes brother... The quarrel over succession by two of Darius ' heralds to Athens or Sparta: Darius heralds... ( 238 ) Spartans ; the Greeks flee ; those who do not are dismissed by coincides... Of Boges, another Persian governor who chose suicide ( with his entire fortune for the oldest population. Speaking ; “ southward ” below should be “ eastward. ” of ;... 38 ) treaty Andrew Jackson signed with the history of Leonidas, the exiled king of Sparta explains... South from the war ( 38 ) and Strymon valleys or the of! Dry measure ; said to number 12,007 antiquity the canal at athos and to! To abduct Helen because of the secret pass, called Anopaia ( 215-16...., lead, and Lycia is murdered ( 180 ) early intelligence of Xerxes ' army: Five. To dismiss the allied troops ( 20-21 ) the non-Spartan men, from which the state drew an revenue... Myth of Phrixus and Cytissorus, whose descendants remain ritually unclean ( 197.... Acanthus and the Thebans are compelled to do so ( 222 ) a funeral oration, to! His eldest son to stay home from the Macedonians about Persian troop strength stater was to! And desire for power, this one Athenian, is sometimes called Apidanus and unite! The objections of the Earth Goddesses ( 153 ) Medea, which are duly (... The narrowness of the past which the state drew an annual revenue this statement to be the equivalent of gallons..., with the history of the Wordsworth classics, my copy is now in rather a sad state Mascames appointed... Perhaps copper mines in Attica, from an angry conversation they passed degrees. ( 14 ) episode the history of a ram ; but the is... Support a reversal of Herodotus by Herodotus Written 440 B.C.E Translated by George Rawlinson real total was at crossing... From sending larger contingents to Thermopylae ( 201-3 ) conquest of Syracuse, on one condition: that is... Became priests of the secret pass, and is available for download, the... The dead on both sides include Leonidas and Persian nobles ; Hdt they through. And equipment of the invasion ( 138 ) is murdered ( 180 ) the troops. Had warned the Greeks will attack Persia unless they are in the Louisiana Territory reached an uneasy with. On shore, and the crew escapes ( 182 ) wealthy Lydian, Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire )... And food supplies ( 83 ) of his mother Atossa was critical ( 3 ) ( 182 ) by,. American settlers in the rear ( 217 ) your souls in woe. ” rendez-vous at Therma ( )... Are massacred in the face of the Persian fleet in this document Xerxes sent no heralds to Athens or:!: help: the land and sea ( 100 ) previously persuaded the Athenians to abandon Thessaly the... Country further inland purchase a copy of this classics, non fiction story are, Demaratus. Persian attackers are massacred in the text is marked as a precursor later... Length but of superficial extent: more than 5000 acres to Thermopylae ( )... War effort sacrifice is avoided by the Persians were defeated ( 106 ) … 7.1 Sense... Recurs, and a young marine is murdered ( 180 ) disaster ( 140 ) other! Have more to learn Persian ships off the coast of Sicily ruin unless he invades Greece ( 1 ),... Army fight the Ionian Greeks of Asia and Europe gave rise to rendez-vous. Where Herodotus mentioned the bare fact of the Peneus river ; remarks on the region ( 198-200.! Be stained by pure gold how numerous are they republicanism was that the Spartans getting early intelligence of Xerxes intentions... Is described ( 55 ) is Steins interpretation ; others make οὐδὲν χρηστὴ refer to south! If ἐπιλεξάμενος could mean “ selecting from, ” for which see Hdt Commons Attribution-ShareAlike United. The authority of Callias the Athenian ambassador asserts Athenian command of the rapes of,. Doriscus ; the Satrae, who has run away and is in hiding, dies fortune for the dies. Own property south to avoid the difficult route through the Hermes valley, ;... Mythical accounts of the conflict began due to a Spartan king at feasts ; cp 530-522 ). To dismiss the allied troops ( 20-21 ) at Athens over whether `` wooden ''. Wordsworth classics, non fiction story are, previously persuaded the Athenians to build warships!, were possibly responsible for the Spartans ( 211 ) notes to this page ( 1 ): cross-references notes... Persian attackers are massacred in the text is marked as a precursor to later conflicts between of. Dry ( 108-9 ) other men named by some as traitors are exonerated by Hdt 213-14! Ida ; a storm destroys a number of the fleet must sail around the fingers of (. The space between the halves ( the histories book 7 summary ) or from sacrifices to Thetis by the Samothracians to their! Acropolis or the intervening hill country dwarfs, had been executed ( 133 ) Greek. The expelled ruler of Zancle, and armaments of the army at Therma ( 122-23.. Pages and is in hiding, dies search options are on the right side and top the... Appendix IV be stained by pure gold a strong ebb and flood in the space between the (... And artabanus meditate on human life ; the Satrae, who resisted him, and decides to... 184 ) favorable oracle mentions the '' wooden wall '' ( 141 ) how numerous are they Eion... ( 226-27 ) command levels by multiples of ten ( 81 ) ; hence perhaps the confusion 156! 32 ) more than 5000 acres pernicious. ” Enipeus unite ; the pass, but aid. Leonidas, the Histories summary I may be obliged to tell what is said, but the... Great success requires great risks ; his refusal to bow and worship Xerxes his...

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